Venice shares a knowledge spaces in the Venice Pavilion of the Biennale di Architettura 2018, from May 25 to November 25. 11 applications with downloadable data, 1 real-time information flow, a project competition on data from Porto Marghera, a call for ideas for regenerating metropolitan areas: multiple possibilities achieved through sharing knowledge and expertise. During the scheduled conferences and seminars, specialists will meet to plan options for reusing data. The complexity of information is a knowledge architecture.
Venice Time Machine
Venice Time Machine is a project by the Archivio di Stato, the Ecole Polytechnique de Lausanne and the Università Ca’ Foscari. Its aim is to construct a knowledge base on the history of the Venetian Republic and its evolution over a period of more than a thousand years. The project’s objective is to digitize, transcribe and index the sources of the Archivio di Stato, thereby constructing the largest database of Venetian documents in existence.
The Insula of the Carità.
History of a site and its transformations
“Three Insulae in one” : three Insulae once occupied the space of the present day Carità. The 19th century process of transforming communication pathways, following the landfill of the canals and the construction of the first Accademia bridge over the Grand Canal, influenced its present configuration. This process had a strong impact on the entire S. Maria della Carità complex, the current Gallerie dell’ Accademia, by changing both means of access and its visual perception: it was no longer a “fortress” in the midst of water, but rather a building completely integrated in the urban fabric.
The Miracle of Cana.
The originality of re-production
While at the Factum Arte Lab in Madrid, Adam Lowe, a British artist specializing in facsimile production, recreated Paolo Veronese’s famous painting on a 1:1 scale. The original, currently held at the Louvre, was made for the refectory of the Benedictine monastery of S. Giorgio Maggiore. With this copy, Veronese’s ‘Wedding Feast at Cana’ was brought back to the city of Venice and the island of S. Giorgio. Its placement therefore constitutes a symbolic completion of the island’s cultural rebirth, initiated more than half a century ago.
The Architecture and Urban growth
of the Ghetto (1516-1797)
The area that was once reserved for the various Jewish communities, along with the transformation of its bustling urban fabric, are key features of the digital reconstruction project, which offers a temporal glimpse at the Venetian Ghetto.
It is a long virtual journey that gives the viewer an insider’s perspective of the Jewish enclosures. The rare backwards journey in time offers the chance to see something that is no longer in existence, given the radical works done during the 19th and 20th centuries.
The Cadastre and the City.
A possible urban analysis of the 19th century
Ten years after the collapse of the Venetian Republic, 1807 marked a fundamental passage in the history of the Napoleonic Kingdom of Italy, regarding censuses and the representation of territories and urban zones. It was under Napoleon that the general Cadastre came into existence, which was later revised by the Austrian government, then by the Italian government. Thanks to the digitization of the maps and land registers, it is possible to conduct precise urban analyses on the quality of the buildings, plots and property.
An open archive, a center of research.
The Archivio Progetti of Università Iuav di Venezia
In 1987, the Archivio Progetti were born, based on an idea of Carlo Aymonino, one of the Iuav’s major deans. The aim of the archives is to catalog, conserve, and add value to its resources, making it one of the 20th century’s most important archives in the fields of architecture, city planning, design and photography. This structure is organized as an open and dynamic archive, spreading architectural heritage through the promotion of research and a constant collaboration with various cultural entities, including academics and national and international museums. The Archivio Progetti are therefore a reflection of the Iuav.
Ca’ Foscari digital collection catalogue.
Phaidra, a knowledge architecture
Information architecture is the system that creates a shared information environment. Phaidra (Permanent Hosting, Archiving and Indexing of Digital Resources and Assets) is an international platform used by the Library System of Università Ca’ Foscari Venezia. It is a Memory Institution for long-term preservation, for sharing and building cultural networks among digital archives, institutions and people.
Venice and salt supplies
The Venetian Republic had a monopoly on salt. All salt-related activities, from its extraction to its storage, were under the control the magistrate of Provveditori al sal. The salt, produced in the salterns of the Adriatic basin, were kept in special warehouses, constructed on the spot. The salt was sold and transported via boat to Venice and relocated to the warehouses at the punta della Salute, near the Dogana da Mar. From these Venetian warehouses, the salt was then transported to markets in Padua, Vicenza, Verona and Udine, as well as to foreign states, such as Milan and Mantua, by way of land or river.
The morphological evolution
of the Venice Lagoon.
Through mathematical models, it is possible to compare the morphology and hydrodynamic behaviors of some of the historic configurations of the lagoon, specifically those presented in the maps of Sebastiano Alberti (1611) and Augusto Denaix (1809-1811), and the current Lagoon, simultaneously showing three different conditions. From this comparison, it is possible to observe the extent to which the effects of human intervention have contributed to the morphological evolution of the Lagoon over the centuries, overlapping with the natural processes that have always occurred in the Lagoon.
From calculation models
to altimeter surveys for high water
The perennial equilibrium between land and water, two elements which attract and repel each other, have been a source of Venice’s richness and development. Over the centuries, Venice has been protected by its waters and has had to protect itself from its waters. The last decades have marked a turning point in terms of data collection. Thanks to the constant observation data provided by the calculation models of the Centro Maree, and later by the Insula spa’s Progetto Ramses (Altimeter Surveys, Spatial Modeling, and 3D Scanning), a more effective system for managing high water has been possible.
From archives to planning.
Documents of Mestre from 1880 to the present day
The abundance of documentation coming from the technical offices of the Municipality, allows one to revisit the territory through time. From projects to photography, one can observe the transformations over time. Specifically, the amplitude of photographic resources, which document the destruction due to bombing during the second World War, shows the damage inflicted on Mestre and Marghera’s territory.